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ESP32 Mongoose OS Interface -MQTT

 

Mongoose OS Credentials configure

Two way to configure the MQTT Credentials  in Mongoose OS file. This Example tested with mongoose os , demo-js app, windows 10, 64bit, mos tool, ESP32 DevKitC from ESPressif.

  • First one is using mos tool  UI
    • GO to  127.0.0.1:1992/  –>  Device Config  –> Change the MQTT Credential in MQTT Setting  and Save with Reboot
    • Afterwards its generate the new file name is conf9.json
  • Second methods is change the mqtt Credential in conf0.json  file

 

Required

  • ESP32 Any kind of boards
  • Mongoose OS firmware
  • Mos Tool
  • MQTT Server Credentials
  • WiFi Crendentials

Note : This ESP32 Mongoose OS interface – MQTT is tested with Windows 10 64bit machine, mos tool(Web Browser based IDE for Mongoose OS), ESp32 DevkitC board from ESPressif.

 

Follow

  • Make sure already set your WiFi Credentials (otherwise MQTT is not work, also check the MQTT Connected status in Terminal windows)

 

Code : init.js  file

 

Output

  • Results : {"free_ram":148676,"total_ram":229296}
  • Topic : /device/esp32_0255EC/events

 


 

 

ESP8266 MQTT broker BONDAR.

Create an account

  • Create an account in here
  • Activate your iotcentral account

 

Download Bin FIle

 

Flash the Bondar Firmware

  • your ESP8266 starting from address 0x0. (Use esptool.py or ESP Flash Download Tool)
  • For Linus
    • sudo esptool.py -p /dev/ttyUSB0 --baud 9600 write_flash -fs 32m-c1 -fm dio -ff 40m 0x00000 bondar.bin

 

ESP8266 Configuration

  • ESP8266 will start as Access Point mode. and named as Bondar_XXXXXXXXX  . (Ex refer Below image : Bondar_2e3ae80cb19a ) and should use default password 12345678

  • Now connect that AP Network (Bondar_2e3ae80cb19a ) with your laptop or mobile.
  • Go to 192.168.4.1 in your browser and you will get a configuration page. Then enter your wifi Credential and your he user and password used on IoTCentral.eu

  • Reset the ESP8266 by Click button and also unplug and re-plug the power cable (I recommend you to unplug and then plug the power cable).
  • After Rest you can see when did soft web browser reset button

IoTCentral.eu Account Details

  • Login to your home page on IoTCentral.eu
  • You will see your allocated topic
  • Use allocated_topic/your_topics to connect to iotcentral.eu:1883 and /allocated_topic/your_topic to connect from your Wi-Fi network.

Note :   Always use your email address and the password used on IoTCentral.eu to publish and subscribe. In this way your data is protected and no one will get access to your data since the topic is secret and you are using your username and password to publish and subscribe to the cloud.


Important :  i was tried that on 20171005 but its not work so i need to check again  once if its work i will update everything whenever I’m free. feel free to contcat anything regard this demo @ +918300026060 and [email protected]


 

ESP8266 NodeMCU Module – MQTT

Functions

  • mqtt.Client()  – Creates a MQTT client.
  • mqtt.client:close()  – Closes connection to the broker.
  • mqtt.client:connect() – Connects to the broker specified by the given host, port, and secure options.
  • mqtt.client:lwt( ) – Setup Last Will and Testament (optional).
  • mqtt.client:on()  – Registers a callback function for an event.
  • mqtt.client:publish()  – Publishes a message.
  • mqtt.client:subscribe()  – Subscribes to one or several topics.
  • mqtt.client:unsubscribe()  – Unsubscribes from one or several topics.

 

MQTT Example

  • MQTT subscribe and publish the data to

 


 Read and Write files using MQTT

  • transfer files over mqtt

 


 

MQTT to cloud

 

 

 


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Embedded Protocol – MQTT

MQTT Introduction

Message Queue Telemetry Transport (ISO/IEC PRF 20922). MQTT is a Light weight  protocol for (M2M) device communication using  Publish/Subscribe. Mqtt Developed By  Andy Stanford-Clark (IBM) and Arlen Nipper (Eurotech; now Cirrus Link) in 1999. The protocol uses a publish/subscribe architecture in contrast to HTTP with its request/response paradigm Center Communication pointer is MQTT Broker. Mqtt is available and implementation in C, C++, JavaScript, Lua, python and soon also C#.

 


Learn MQTT

MQTT Client functions

MQTT client have lot of parameters like Client id, Keep Alive(in Seconds), User Name, Password and Clean session.

  • Client ID  – Denotes the different client id for easily find out the various clients
  • Keep Alive – client with logins, keepalive timer in seconds
  • User Name & Password – for login the client with username and password for additional security level.

 

MQTT Client Connections Functions

MQTT Client connections have various parameters like Host name, Port nhmber, Client ID, username, password

Host

Port

  • MQTT Support different port number by Default 1883,

ClientID

Username

  • if the username flag is set 1. then Username must be a UFT-8 encoded string
  • Main use of username is server authentication and authorization

password

  •  if the password flag is set 1. this is the next field in the payload.

 Keep Alive

  • the client will alive up-to the particular seconds.

SSL

Clean Session

  • Clean the session like All Subscriptions, all messages received, all Qos.

Last-will Topic

Last-will QoS (Quality of Service)

Last-will Retain

Last-will Message

 

Topic

  • A simple string that can have more hierarchy levels, which are separated by a slash “/”.

+ Plush  sign

  • Single Level wild card, its only allows arbitrary values for one hierarchy.
  • Eg : ArunEworld/+/temperature   means results in all message send to the previously mentioned topic.
  • Results : ArunEworld/office/temperature and ArunEworld/meeting_hall/temperature

#  Hash Sign

  • Multilevel wild card,  allows to subscribe all underlying hierarchy levels.
  • Eg: ArunEworld/# Subscribing all topics beginning with ArunEworld

Publish

 Qos (Quality of service)

  • Qos(0) – At most once (பெரும்பாலான முறை meaning in Tamil Language)
  • Qos(1) – At least once (ஒரு முறையாவது meaning in Tamil Language)
  • Qos(2) – Exactly once (சரியாக ஒருமுறை meaning in Tamil Language)

Retain

Subscriptions

Message

Broker

Client

Quality of service

Retained Messages

Persistent Session

Last will and Testament and SYS topic


PHP MQTT

Reference

 


MQTT Web Apps

 


MQTT WordPress Plugin

 

DIOT SCADA with MQTT

Image Source

DIOT which stands for Decoupled IOT, has its SCADA functionalities decoupled into Host and Node for flexibility and scalability that catered for IoT era. This plugin functions as the SCADA Host to work with your device or system, which will be treated as SCADA Node. The supported IoT protocol is MQTT. You just need to enter the MQTT broker/server into the configuration. You may then subscribe to the desired topic with a shortcode to display in any desired web page or post. [diot topic="building/floor/device/sensor"] Or, if you have a JSON content, you may add dollar sign as JSON root: [diot topic="building/floor/device/sensor$json.data"]. The content will be updated dynamically when the device publish any data. You may also choose to display your realtime data in trending chart. Check out Ecava DIOT online demo to see how easy things can be done now! For more see here : https://wordpress.org/plugins/ecava-diot-scada/

Image Source

 

WP-MQTT

Setting up WP-MQTT is easy. Simply supply your MQTT broker’s details and configure which WordPress events should trigger messages. “MQTT is a machine-to-machine (M2M)/”Internet of Things” connectivity protocol. It was designed as an extremely lightweight publish/subscribe messaging transport.” (from mqtt.org) A number of events are predefined. Simply check the right checkbox and fill in the message’s subject and text.

  • Pageview
  • User login
  • Failed user login
  • Post published
  • Page published
  • New comment

Other events can be added using the “custom events” section. This allows you to use any WordPress hook (actions and filters) to trigger messages.

Image Source

 


MQTT Android App

Check this below name in Play-store

  • MQTT Dashboard
  • IOT Manager
  • MQTT IOT

 


MQTT Broker Service Supporter

The following list of MQTT broker may use online or local also giving free and paid service

Adafruit IO (Online – Free)

  • Website : Adafruit IO
  • Adafruit supporting MQTT online free service.
  • You can use adafruit client libraries to Python, Node JS, Rubby and Arduino. see the client libraries section).
  • The following details are to connect a MQTT client to Adafruit IO.
    • Host : io.adafruit.com
    • Port : 1883 or 8883
    • Username : Your adafruit account username
    • Password : Your adafruit IO Key

 

CloudMQTT (Online -Free and Paid)

  • Website :
  • CloudMQTT
  • Online – Free Plans : Cute Cat and
  • Paid Plans : Keen Kola, Loud Leopard, Power Pug)
  • Using Amazon Web Service
  • MQTT Type : mosquitto

 

HiveMQ (Online -Free and Paid)

Connect to Public Broker

  • MQTT Dashboard : http://www.mqtt-dashboard.com/
    • Broker: broker.hivemq.com
    • TCP Port: 1883
    • Websocket Port: 8000
  • Web socket Client : http://www.hivemq.com/demos/websocket-client/
    • Broker: broker.mqttdashboard.com
    • TCP Port: 1883
    • Websocket Port: 8000

Setup local instance

 

m2m

Free public broker service

  • q.m2m.io
    • Broker: q.m2m.io
    • Port: 1883.
    • Application : Facebook messenger

 

Mosquitto  (Local and Online free)

Eclipse Mosquitto™ is an open source MQTT v3.1/v3.1.1 Broker.

Free public Service

  • iot.eclipse.org
    • Broker: iot.eclipse.org
    • Port: 1883, 80(WebScoket), 443 (WebSockets+SSl)
  •  test.mosquitto.org
    • Broker : test.mosquitto.org
    • Port:
      • 1883 : MQTT, unencrypted
      • 8883 : MQTT, encrypted
      • 8884 : MQTT, encrypted, client certificate required
      • 8080 : MQTT over WebSockets, unencrypted
      • 8081 : MQTT over WebSockets, encrypted
      • 80(WebScoket), 443 (WebSockets+SSl)

 

rabbitMQ

  • https://www.rabbitmq.com/
  • Install on windows

Free public broker service

  • dev.rabbitmq.com
    • Broker: dev.rabbitmq.com
    • Port: 1883,

 

SimpleML

  • Free MQTT service to evaluate Machine Learning models, documentation

Free public broker service

  • mqtt.simpleml.com
    • Broker : mqtt.simpleml.com
    • Port : 1883 (MQTT), 8883 (MQTT +SSl), 80(REST), 80(WebSockets), 5683 (CoAP)

 

Other free public broker service

  • mqtt.dioty.co
    • Broker : mqtt.dioty.co
    • Port : 1883 (MQTT), 8883 (MQTT +SSl), 80(REST), 8080(WebSockets), 8880 (WebSocket +SSL)
  • mqtt.swifitch.cz
    • Broker :mqtt.swifitch.cz
    • Port : 1883 (MQTT)

MQTT Interview Questions

What is MQTT?

  • MQTT Light weight Protocol for M2M small device.

 

Whats mean of Mqtt

  • MQTT is the Message Queuing Telementary transport, Its lightweight messaging protocol that provides resource-constrained network clients with a simple way to distribute telemetry information.

 

Where the MQTT is used?

  • MQTT is a public messaging protocol designed for lightweight M2M communication. It was originally developed by IBM and is now an open standard.

 

MQTT is Message Oriented??

  • MQTT is message oriented. Every message is a discrete chunk of data, opaque to the broker.

 

Who created MQTT?

  • MQTT is created by Andy Stanford-Clark in It was originally developed by IBM and is now an open standard.

 

What kind of security level in MQTT?

  • You can pass a user name and password with an MQTT packet in V3.1 of the protocol.

 

What is the Port Standard follows by MQTT?

  • Standard ports of MQTT are TCP/IP. TCP/IP port 1883 is reserved with IANA for use with MQTT.

 

How save MQTT subscribe data into my pc?

 


Reference


 

 

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